Group Charter

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Personally, I have always enjoyed working in a team, and particularly liked the process of group work in the INTAPT course to work towards a big presentation we were all excited to host.  My group got off to the right start prior to completing the Group Charter by going around the table and listing the reasons they chose to take the INTAPT course, what we’re hoping to get out of the presentation (Motivating and Engaging Learners), and what grade each person is hoping to achieve. After understanding what every group member is hoping to achieve, we amicably decided on the team objectives. We agreed on doing well, and working towards the final workshop as a team, and being “good enough.” As for our second objective, the group wanted to learn how to use various interactive techniques to enhance student engagement throughout our workshop. After the completion of our workshop, I can safely say that our group stuck to our Charter and we managed to accomplish our team objectives.

With that said, our team was no stranger to Tuckman’s five stages of group development – forming, storming, norming, performing, and finally adjourning (Tuckman, 1965). During the forming stage, there was a group leader to direct and guide discussions, and everyone seemed to be discovering the other’s work habits and strengths. In the second stage, no real conflict surfaced, however, we did go through who was responsible for what, how we wanted to communicate and stay up to date with each other, and logistics such as how often we should meet. Next, during the norming phase, everyone took turns in being the “leader,” we figured out that the best way to communicate was through Whatsapp, there was a sense of group cohesion, everyone trusted each other to contribute towards the PowerPoint and brainstorm interactive activities. I am glad to say that my group reached the fourth stage – performing, and everyone worked towards developing ideas for their area of expertise, looking up articles and other resources, and finalizing the PowerPoint presentation. Sadly, all good things must come to an end, and when it came to the adjourning phase, our group members said our goodbyes after we finished our presentation, we took pictures to remember all the hard work and team effort accomplished through the past few months. Therefore, I thoroughly enjoyed my time working in my group, I learned a lot from my team members, and I am very happy to say that this team was the best I’ve worked in throughout many years of schooling.


Tuckman, B. (1965) Developmental Sequence in Small Groups. Psychological Bulletin, 63, 384-399.

Tuckman, B. & Jensen, M. (1977) Stages of Small Group Development. Group and Organizational Studies, 2, 419-427.